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Resources and articles on 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age

The Philosophy of Rabbi Kook:  Israel and the Nations - Part III

The last part in the series relating to "Israel and the Nations" deals with Rabbi Kook's philosophy regarding Israel's wars, issues of soverignity, political power, and the ideal state of Israel. [Full article...]
By: Zvi Yaron
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Religious Zionism


Justice for the Jewish People:  Address At the Eight Zionist Congress

We Zionists wear our Judaism as a badge of honor. This has become so much a matter of course with us that it fills us with amused astonishment when we behold others timidly concealing it as a stigma. In countries of mixed nationalities our colleagues have proclaimed their Jewish nationality, while demanding a regard for the needs of the Jewish people and a respect for their ethical individuality equal to that shown other peo≠ples. To our youth Zionism gives pride in their history, faith in themselves, and the moral support of an ideal. [Full article...]
By: Max Nordau
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


The Philosophy of Rabbi Kook:  Israel and the Nations - Part II

"The Jewish nation, land and religion constitute a triad of eternal life and luster that sublimates and sanctifies all that exists. Israel harbors a unique holiness and religious idealism that elevates and ennobles the Divine soul latent in all the nations." In the second part of the series on Israel and the Nations, Zvi Yaron unravels the depths of Rabbi Kook's philosophy. [Full article...]
By: Zvi Yaron
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Religious Zionism


Address at the Seventh Zionist Congress:  Tribute to the Late Dr. Herzl

Herzl was a model and an educator. He straightened the back of a broken people. He gave them hope, he showed them means. He sowed far and wide. The seed will sprout, and his people will garner the harvest. (1905) [Full article...]
By: Max Nordau
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


How to improve the living conditions of the Jewish People:  Address at the Fifth Zionist Congress

I must say that the Jewish people, in its entirety, is incomparably the poorest of all the peoples in the world. I make this assertion unconditionally and unreservedly. There is no people in the world that possesses less than we, or even so little as we do. [Full article...]
By: Max Nordau
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


The Philosophy of Rabbi Kook:  Israel and the Nations - Part I

The moral-religious dimension of modern Zionism is displayed in Rabbi Kook's writings in a vivid and intriguing way: and this is just the first Part of the series on the issue. [Full article...]
By: Zvi Yaron
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Religious Zionism


So much said and so much yet to be said:  Historiographical Issues in Conveying Herzlís Legacy

Within the history of Zionism itself every ideological and political stream had its own Herzl, always designed in its own image. [Full article...]
By: Gideon Shimoni
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Education
Zionism > Zionism Revisited
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Hostorical warning prior to WWII:  ADDRESS AT THE FOURTH ZIONIST CONGRESS

At the turn of the 20th Century, and in the wake of Romanian expulsion of its Jewish population, this is a visionary speech outlining the dangers lying ahead... [Full article...]
By: Max Nordau
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Unite for Zionism:  ADDRESS AT THE THIRD ZIONIST CONGRESS

In this speech, Max Nordau analyses the formation stages of the Zionist idea. He urges all Jews, no matter what their religious or political positions are, to adhere to the Zionist movement in order to make an impact on the destiny of the Jewish Nation. [Full article...]
By: Max Nordau
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Zionism III:  The Philosophy of Rabbi Kook

The present work, whose Hebrew original (1974) has attained several editions, constitutes the first scientifically based elucidation of Rabbi Kook's widely scattered writings on the fundamentals of Judaism. Here we bring the third and last part in a three-part series relating to Zionism. [Full article...]
By: Zvi Yaron
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Religious Zionism


CAUSES OF FAILURE AND CONDITIONS OF SUCCESS.:  ZIONISM

An interesting analysis of the achievements and failures and an insight into the conflicts within the Zionist movement during the early years of its existence. [Full article...]
By: Max Nordau
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Zionism - Part II:  The Philosophy of Rabbi Kook

The present work, whose Hebrew original (1974) has attained several editions, constitutes the first scientifically based elucidation of Rabbi Kook's widely scattered writings on the fundamentals of Judaism. Here we bring the second in a three-part series relating to Zionism. [Full article...]
By: Zvi Yaron
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Religious Zionism


Zionism - Part I:  The Philosophy of Rabbi Kook

The present work, whose Hebrew original (1974) has attained several editions, constitutes the first scientifically based elucidation of Rabbi Kook's widely scattered writings on the fundamentals of Judaism. Here we bring the first in a three-part series relating to Zionism. [Full article...]
By: Zvi Yaron
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Religious Zionism
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Authentic historical insight to Zionism:  ZIONISM

An overview of the first steps of Zionism as authored by Max Nordau. His insight, as reflected in his writing, is still relevant today regarding many issues concerning Zionism, Anti-Semitism and historical analysis of the early 20th Century. [Full article...]
By: Max Nordau
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Essential Zionist Texts


Our Challenge:  The Zionist Mission

This is the speech of Haim Hayet, Head of the World Zionist Organization Department for Hagshama, during his appearance at the Young Zionist Leadership Conference of January 2005, held in Miami, Florida. [Full article...]
By: Haim Hayet
Aliyah InfoBase > Tachlis - Aliyah Advice from and for Olim
Israel > Advocacy
Israel > Teaching Israel
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Jewish History > 1948-Today: Modern Zionist Age
Judaism > Jewish Identity
Media and the Press
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1948-Today: Modern Zionist Age
Zionism > Who is a Zionist?
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora
Zionism > Zionism Revisited


Voices from the Past: Richard Gottheil:  The Aims of Zionism

In a peroration of a speech given in New York City on November 1 1898, Dr. Richard Gottheil defines the ultimate aims of Zionism. Then a professor of Semitic Languages and Rabbinical Literature at Columbia University in New York City, as well as President and co-founder of the American Federation of Zionists, Dr. Gottheil demonstrates how the dangers of assimilation are reconcilable with the Zionist cause. [Full article...]
By: Richard Gottheil
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Jewish History > 1948-Today: Modern Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1948-Today: Modern Zionist Age
Zionism > Who is a Zionist?
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora
Zionism > Zionism Revisited


Voices From the Past: Ber Borochov:  Herbraismus Militans

In Israel and in the rest of the Jewish world, the passionate fight between Hebrew and Yiddish is sometimes easily forgotten. Today we look back nearly 100 years, to a time when the future dominance of Hebrew over Yiddish was not at all certain. Ber Borochov, early Zionist and co-founder of the Poale Zion Party (later to split into the Mapai Party and the Mapam Party), demonstrates the drama of the debate in an article published in 1913. [Full article...]
By: Dov Ber Borochov
Jewish History > 1789-1860: Haskala (Emancipation)
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Judaism > Jewish Identity
Judaism > Jewish Languages
People > 1789-1860: Haskala (Emancipation)
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora
Zionism > Zionism Revisited


Zionist Biography:  A Dove Among Hawks: Moshe Sharett -the Political Tragedy of an Israeli Leader

Moderation or escalation -these were the two basic alternatives in the entwined domains of foreign and defense policies confronting Israel's leadership immediately after the historic and bloody victory in the War of Independence in 1948-1949, and that have confronted government after government unceasingly to this very day. It was the choice of history that these two contradictory and fateful alternatives were first epitomized by David Ben-Gurion and Moshe Sharett. These two outstanding leaders had stood together at the helm of the yishuv -the Jewish community of Palestine- starting in the early 1930s, leading up to the establishment of the State of Israel, and throughout the State's formative years until 1956. [Full article...]
By: Ya'akov Sharett
Israel > Politics
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Jewish History > 1948-Today: Modern Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1948-Today: Modern Zionist Age
Zionism > Who is a Zionist?
Zionism > Zionism Revisited


From Spain to Zion:  The Contribution of the Sepharadim to Zionism

There is a common misconception that Zionism is purely Ashkenazi. To learn about the Sepharadic roots of Zionism, read onÖ. [Full article...]
By: Solomon Gaon
Jewish History > 0600 - 1789: Middle Ages
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Jews Around the World
People > 0600 - 1789: Middle Ages
People > 1789-1860: Haskala (Emancipation)
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora


:  On Socialist Zionism

Socialist Zionism rose out of a criticism of both existing Zionism and Jewish Socialism in the Early Zionist era. [Full article...]
By: Berl Katzanelson
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Essential Zionist Texts


Jewish Socialism:  Labor Zionism and Jewish Tradition

One can move from Katznelson to Liesen, to Gordon, to Syrkin and to Ben Gurion, and easily perceive how much Judaism, how much Jewish religious feeling prevails in the world of these so-called non-religious theoreticians of Jewish socialism or Labor Zionism. [Full article...]
By: Ezra Spicehandler
Israel > Politics
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Zionism Revisited


Zionists:  Herzl's Radical Vision changed World History

On February 14, 1896, The Jewish State by Theodore Herzl first appeared in print. Rachel Elboim-Dror reflects upon the importance of the anniversary. [Full article...]
By: Rachel Elboim-Dror
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism
Zionism > Zionism Revisited


Zionists:  Moses Hess

The purpose of Dr. Heller's pamphlet is to draw attention to the personality of Moses Hess, who played a remarkable role in the development of the Jewish national ideology. [Full article...]
By: Joseph Heller
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Essential Zionist Texts


Brandeis on Zionism:  A Collection of Addresses and Statements by Louis D. Brandeis

This article contains the speeches entitled Efficiency in Public Service, The Pilgrims had Faith, The Human Resource, Realization Will Not Come as a Gift, The Only Promising Road, Palestine Has Developed Jewish Character, Jews and Arabs, A Zionist's Vow, and Jews Will Continue to Enter Palestine. [Full article...]
By: Louis Brandeis
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Essential Zionist Texts
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora


Brandeis on Zionism:  A Collection of Addresses and Statements by Louis D. Brandeis

Included in this document are the speeches entitled The Common Cause of the Jewish People, Zionism Brings Understanding and Happiness, Members, Money, Discipline, and The Time is Urgent. [Full article...]
By: Louis Brandeis
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Essential Zionist Texts
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora


Brandeis on Zionism:  A Collection of Addresses and Statements by Louis D. Brandeis

Included in this document are the speeches entitled Numbers Count, The Victory of the Maccabees, Not by Charity Alone, Blackstone and Herzl and Democracy Means Responsibility, [Full article...]
By: Louis Brandeis
Jewish History > 1948-Today: Modern Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Essential Zionist Texts
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora


Brandeis on Zionism:  A Collection of Addresses and Statements by Louis D. Brandeis

Included in this document are the speeches entitled A Call to the Educated Jew, Group Liberty, and Dreams May be Made into Realities. [Full article...]
By: Louis Brandeis
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Essential Zionist Texts
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora


Brandeis on Zionism:  A Collection of Addresses and Statements by Louis D. Brandeis

Included in this document are the speeches entitled Sympathy for the Zionist Involvement, A Great Vision, To Be a Jew, The Jewish People Should be Preserved, Strain Every Nerve, and The Fruits of Zionism. [Full article...]
By: Louis Brandeis
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Essential Zionist Texts
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora


American Zionism:  The Faith of Louis D. Brandeis, Zionist.

Horance Kallen explores the tremendous contribution Brandeis. "The People's Lawyer" made to American life and Zionism. [Full article...]
By: Horace Kallen
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Who is a Zionist?
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora


Brandeis on Zionism:  A Collection of Addresses and Statements by Louis D. Brandeis

Included in this document are the speeches entitled True Americanism, and The Jewish Problem and How to Solve it. [Full article...]
By: Louis Brandeis
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora


American Zionism:  Brandeis' Way to Zionism

Louis D. Brandeis, an object of controversy and vituperative attack in his time, he became a secular saint in his later years, and now stands suffused in an aura of liberal piety and general regard. [Full article...]
By: Ben Halpern
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Who is a Zionist?
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora


Louis D. Brandeis 1856-1941:  Patriot, Judge, and Zionist

Louis D. Brandeis played an integral role in promoting Zionism in the United States during the early part of the 1900's. Read on to learn more... [Full article...]
By: Josef Fraenkel
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora


Pinsker and his Brochure:  An Open Letter to My Brethren in the Spirit

[Full article...]
By: Asher (Ahad Ha'am) Ginzberg Leon Pinsker
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Essential Zionist Texts


Father and Son:  Dr. Josef Burg and Avraham Burg

This article focuses on Josef and Avraham Burg, father and son politicians. Their story reflects the history of the state itself and their influence on Israeli politics has been, and continues to be extremely strong. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
Israel > Politics
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1948-Today: Modern Zionist Age
Zionism > Who is a Zionist?
Zionism > Zionism Revisited


Emancipation:  Zionism as a Movement of National Liberation

Emancipation and the unprecedented integration into larger society presented opportunities but also many challenges Jews had never faced before and were not prepared to face. [Full article...]
By: Shlomo Avineri
Jewish History > 1789-1860: Haskala (Emancipation)
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Zionism and the Diaspora


Youth in Israel:  The Imperatives of the Jewish Revolution

In an inspiring speech to the pre-state pioneering youth, Ben Gurion lays out his perception of the Jewish past and vision for the future of the Jewish people in a Jewish land. [Full article...]
By: David Ben Gurion
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Youth and Hagshama Movements / Organizations


Balfour Street:  Arthur James, First Earl of Balfour (1848-1930)

In honor of the Balfour Declaration, signed on the 2nd of November, 1917, this article focuses on The Earl of Balfour, whose pivotal contribution helped pave the way for statehood. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


In memory of Haim Sturman, Aharon Etkin & Dr. David Mosensohn :  Gan Hashlosha (Sahne)

Street signs in Israel bear names of individuals, past and present, who have contributed significantly to the nationís development. Using street signs as direction, this series will briefly introduce the leading personalities in Israeli history. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Museums and Memorials
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


1891-1952:  Eliezer Kaplan

Street signs in Israel bear names of individuals, past and present, who have contributed significantly to the nationís development. Using street signs as direction, this series will briefly introduce the leading personalities in Israeli history. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
Israel > Politics
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


1864-1945:  Yehoshua Hankin

Street signs in Israel bear names of individuals, past and present, who have contributed significantly to the nationís development. Using street signs as direction, this series will briefly introduce the leading personalities in Israeli history. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Jewish Resistance During the Holocaust:  Mordechai Anielewicz: 1919 Ė 1943

The 60th anniversary of the of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising is a great opportunity to pay tribute to its courageous leader, Mordechai Anielewicz. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
Holocaust
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Hadassah Hospital, Kfar Szold :  Henrietta Szold (1860-1945)

Street signs in Israel bear names of individuals, past and present, who have contributed significantly to the nationís development. Using street signs as direction, this series will briefly introduce the leading personalities in Israeli history. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


1878-1965:  Martin Buber

This article is part of a series of essays in Socialist Zionism written by prolific socialist Zionists. [Full article...]
By: Martin Buber
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


1856-1922:  Aaron David Gordon

This article is part of a series of essays in Socialist Zionism written by prolific socialist Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


1877-1948:  Judah Magnes

This article is part of a series of essays in Socialist Zionism written by prolific socialist Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


1881-1917:  Dov Ber Borochov

This article is part of a series of essays in Socialist Zionism written by prolific socialist Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


1867-1924:  Nachman Syrkin

This article is part of a series of essays in Socialist Zionism written by prolific socialist Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


1812-1875:  Moses Hess

This article is part of a series of essays in Socialist Zionism written by prolific socialist Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Religious Zionism:  Harav Zvi Hirsch Kalischer

This article is part of a series presenting short biographies and quotations by famous Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Religious Zionism


Ruppin Boulevard :  Arthur Ruppin (1876 Ė 1943)

Street signs in Israel bear names of individuals, past and present, who have contributed significantly to the nationís development. Using street signs as direction, this series will briefly introduce the leading personalities in Israeli history. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Full of Twists and Bumps:  Herzl's Road to Zionism

Avineri gives us an inside look at how Herzl came to Zionism. [Full article...]
By: Shlomo Avineri
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Socialist Zionist:  Ber Borochov

This article is part of a series presenting short biographies and quotations by famous Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Labour Zionism:  A.D. Gordon

This article is part of a series presenting short biographies and quotations by famous Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Socialist:  Nachman Syrkin

This article is part of a series presenting short biographies and quotations by famous Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Chief Rabbi:  Ha-Rav Abraham Isaac Kook

This article is part of a series presenting short biographies and quotations by famous Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Religious Zionism


1899-1933:  Chaim Arlozoroff

Street signs in Israel bear names of individuals, past and present, who have contributed significantly to the nationís development. Using street signs as direction, this series will briefly introduce the leading personalities in Israeli history. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


One of the Tribe:  Ahad Ha'am (Asher Ginsburg)

This article is part of a series presenting short biographies and quotations by famous Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


The Father of Zionism:  Theodor Herzl

This article is part of a series presenting short biographies and quotations by famous Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


A Short Introduction:  Max Nordau

This article is part of a series presenting short biographies and quotations by famous Zionists. [Full article...]
By:
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Return to the Jewish Homeland:  Zionism and the Land of Israel

In this paper, Jabotinsky argues for Jewish settlement in the historic land of Israel. [Full article...]
By: Ze'ev (Vladimir) Jabotinsky
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Zion Through the Ages:  The Jewish People and Their Land

Rabbi Hacohen Maimon explores historic yearning for Zion through an examination of Jewish sources, Jewish thought, writings of travels in the land of Israel, and poetry. [Full article...]
By: Judah Leib Hacohen Maimon
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Martin Buber:  Zionism and the Other National Concepts

It is impossible to appreciate the real meaning of "Zion" so long as one regards it as simply one of many other national concepts. [Full article...]
By: Martin Buber
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Beit Bialik, Bialik Street, Kiryat Bialik :  Haim Nachman Bialik (1873 Ė 1934)

Street signs in Israel bear names of individuals, past and present, who have contributed significantly to the nationís development. Using street signs as direction, this series will briefly introduce the leading personalities in Israeli history. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
Artistic Expressions > Poetry
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Edmund Henry Hynman, First Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and Felixstowe (1861 Ė 1931) :  Allenby Street

Street signs in Israel bear names of individuals, past and present, who have contributed significantly to the nationís development. During the time of ancient Israel, leaders tended to be warriors and prophets. During the Exile, when the Jewish People were scattered around the world without a land of their own, leaders tended to be scholars, teachers and rabbis. In the 20th century, the Jewish people survived the Holocaust and established their own nation. Jewish leaders in this century have been soldiers, political leaders, academics and philanthropists. Using street signs as direction, this series will briefly introduce the leading personalities in Israeli history. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Underground Figher:  The Baker's Daughter

Youth from all backgrounds enlisted in the Lehi, the pre-State underground movement. This article describes a teenaged girl from a Hassidic background. Today, a guide in the Lehi Museum in Tel Aviv, she recalls the sense of mission doubled with the painful split in the Jewish Yishuv. [Full article...]
By: Batsheva Pomerantz
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Early Thinking, Current Influence.:  Jabotinsky's Prophecy

Jabotinsky, one of early Zionism's more prolific thinkers, continues to strongly influence Israeli political discourse. Through an exploration of his views, Andrei Shapiro examines why, to this day, Jabotinsky still provokes such heated debate. [Full article...]
By: Andrei Shapiro
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Part Two:  Theodor (Benyamin Ze'ev) Herzl

Street signs in Israel bear names of individuals, past and present, who have contributed significantly to the nationís development. During the time of ancient Israel, leaders tended to be warriors and prophets. During the Exile, when the Jewish People were scattered around the world without a land of their own, leaders tended to be scholars, teachers and rabbis. In the 20th century, the Jewish people survived the Holocaust and established their own nation. Jewish leaders in this century have been soldiers, political leaders, academics and philanthropists. Using street signs as direction, this series will briefly introduce the leading personalities in Israeli history. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Events and Activities Ideas:  David Ben-Gurion's Birthday - October 16, 1886

On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion declared the State of Israel a sovereign and independence nation. While there were thousands who are to be credited for the establishment of the Jewish State, the most famous among them is David Ben-Gurion. [Full article...]
By: 12th House 
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


The Names Behind The Signs:  Theodor (Binyamin Ze'ev) Herzl: Herzylia - Part 1

Street signs in Israel bear names of individuals, past and present, who have contributed significantly to the nationís development. During the time of ancient Israel, leaders tended to be warriors and prophets. During the Exile, when the Jewish People were scattered around the world without a land of their own, leaders tended to be scholars, teachers and rabbis. In the 20th century, the Jewish people survived the Holocaust and established their own nation. Jewish leaders in this century have been soldiers, political leaders, academics and philanthropists. Using street signs as direction, this series will briefly introduce the leading personalities in Israeli history. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
Israel > Places of Israel
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


The Names Behind The Signs:  Rothschild Boulevard

Street signs in Israel bear names of individuals, past and present, who have contributed significantly to the nationís development. During the time of ancient Israel, leaders tended to be warriors and prophets. During the Exile, when the Jewish People were scattered around the world without a land of their own, leaders tended to be scholars, teachers and rabbis. In the 20th century, the Jewish people survived the Holocaust and established their own nation. Jewish leaders in this century have been soldiers, political leaders, academics and philanthropists. Using street signs as direction, this series will briefly introduce the leading personalities in Israeli history. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
Israel > Places of Israel
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


The Names Behind The Signs:  Dizengoff Street

There is almost no major personality in Israel that doesnít have a street in Tel Aviv named after them; and thereís almost no community which symbolizes something in the life of the Jewish people that doesnít have a street named for it in Tel Aviv. Initially, streets were not given official names, but were called variously by early residents. Eventually, however, street names became another way of marking the city as Hebrew, and the names were often drawn from Jewish history or important personalities in contemporary Jewish Life. One of the sanctioned sites in Tel Aviv is Dizengoff Street. Having an almost mythic ability to announce the cityís essence, Dizengoff Street is an example of how a street has become instantiated in a cityís collective memory. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
Israel > Places of Israel
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


The Names Behind The Signs:  Ben-Yehuda Street

Street signs in Israel bear names of individuals, past and present, who have contributed significantly to the nationís development. During the time of ancient Israel, leaders tended to be warriors and prophets. During the Exile, when the Jewish People were scattered around the world without a land of their own, leaders tended to be scholars, teachers and rabbis. In the 20th century, the Jewish people survived the Holocaust and established their own nation. Jewish leaders in this century have been soldiers, political leaders, academics and philanthropists. Using street signs as direction, this series will briefly introduce the leading personalities in Israeli history. [Full article...]
By: Rochelle Mass
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Events and Activities Ideas:  Yahrzeit for Henrietta Szold - February 13 1945

When one considers the great female leaders of the Zionist movement, it is very hard not to think of Henrietta Szold. Her contributions to Israel, Zionism, youth and world Jewry are unparalleled. She was an educator, author, social worker, leader and founder of Hadassah. Her achievements are a mark of excellence, success and a model to live by. [Full article...]
By: 12th House 
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Events and Activities Ideas:  Theodor Herzl Publishes The Jewish State - February 14th 1896

Herzl, a writer and a statesman, founded national Zionism and the World Zionist Organization, which elevated the Jewish problem to an international political subject of primary importance. It was the Dreyfus case that awakened in him national Jewish feeling and brought him to the conclusion that the Jewish problem could only be solved by political means. The concept of emergence from the Diaspora and return to Zion found expression in his book "Der Judenstaat" or "The Jewish State", which was written in 1896. [Full article...]
By: 12th House 
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Essential Zionist Texts


Herzl's Nationhood and Judaism :  The Flight From Negation

Andrei Shapiro critiques the address given by Herzl entitled 'Judaism', and claims that even though the great Zionist leader succeeded in creating a different reality for the Jewish people, he had no clear idea of the positive side of Jewishness. [Full article...]
By: Andrei Shapiro
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Sharonah's history classes:  Freud and the Jews

For our rather irreverent scholar in residence, the Judeo-Zionist world would do well to vindicate Sigmund Freud, father of psychoanalysis. However much he may have been an assimilated Jew in the already assimilated intellectual circles of Vienna, Freud took stock of his Jewish roots in the fashion he knew best - psychoanalytically - and produced his opus "Moises". Criticizing, in a Freudian manner, (of course), certain myths. Nonetheless, compared with his critique of Christianity, the barbs he hurled at Judaism could almost be termed "affectionate". [Full article...]
By: Marcelo Kisilevski Sharonah Fredericko
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Love of Zion - the struggle to establish a Jewish state with Jewish values:  Jewish State and Jewish Problem

Yet, after all, I confess that Western "Zionism" is very good and useful for those Western Jews who have long since almost forgotten Judaism, and have no link with their people except a vague sentiment which they themselves do not understand. I The establishment of a Jewish State by their agency is at present but a distant vision; but the idea of a State induces them meanwhile to devote their energies to the service of their people, lifts them out of the mire of assimilation, and strengthens their Jewish national consciousness. [Full article...]
By: Asher (Ahad Ha'am) Ginzberg
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Address to the Jewish Colonization Society of Vienna, 1908:  The Picture in 1907

Jewish immigration into Palestine cannot be subsumed under the same general heading as Jewish immigration into other countries. Whereas immigration into other countries has been motivated entirely by economic considerations, that is, by the impulse to find better economic conditions, the motives which impelled the Jews to migrate toward Palestine were not economic but predominantly religious. [Full article...]
By: Arthur Ruppin
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


What role can our will, our consciousness, play in the historical processes of Jewish life?:  Our Platform IV-VI

"Our Platform" was written by Ber Borochov in 1906 for the Russian Poale Zion Party which adopted it at it's first convention that December. It was the culmination of a three week discussion in the party's drafting committee and applies the theories Borochov developed in "The National Question and the Class Struggle" to the situation of the Jews. This English translation is by Ben Yitzhaki and was done for the book NATIONALISM AND THE CLASS STRUGGLE published by Young Poale Zion in New York in 1937.) [Full article...]
By: Dov Ber Borochov
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


What role can our will, our consciousness, play in the historical processes of Jewish life?:  Our Platform I-III

"Our Platform" was written by Ber Borochov in 1906 for the Russian Poale Zion Party which adopted it at it's first convention that December. It was the culmination of a three week discussion in the party's drafting committee and applies the theories Borochov developed in "The National Question and the Class Struggle" to the situation of the Jews. This English translation is by Ben Yitzhaki and was done for the book NATIONALISM AND THE CLASS STRUGGLE published by Young Poale Zion in New York in 1937.) [Full article...]
By: Dov Ber Borochov
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


We must not wait:  On Questions of Zionist Theory

The Jewish people has suffered so much that greater affliction is inconceivable. Regarded objectively, our situation today, compared with the suffering experienced by our forefathers, can almost be envied, and there is every reason to believe that as time goes by our troubles will diminish. This gives support to the optimists among us, who take a hopeful view of the future in their opposition to Zionist action that aims to bring about a radical change in our situation and to put an end to the Galut episode with all its achievements. These optimists, since they value these achievements, try to prove to us that there is no need to be alarmed by the slowness of progress, on which they pin rosy hopes. [Full article...]
By: Dov Ber Borochov
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Zionistic thoughts:  Anticipations and Survivals - Part 3

Students of jurisprudence know (and who knows so well as the Jew?) that the laws and statutes of every nation are not all observed and obeyed at all times in the same degree; that in all countries and in all ages there are certain laws, be they new or old, which are perfectly valid according to the statue book, and are yet disregarded by those who administer justice, and are wholly or largely ineffective in practice. [Full article...]
By: Asher (Ahad Ha'am) Ginzberg
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Zionistic thoughts:  Anticipations and Survivals - Part 1

Students of jurisprudence know (and who knows so well as the Jew?) that the laws and statutes of every nation are not all observed and obeyed at all times in the same degree; that in all countries and in all ages there are certain laws, be they new or old, which are perfectly valid according to the statue book, and are yet disregarded by those who administer justice, and are wholly or largely ineffective in practice. [Full article...]
By: Asher (Ahad Ha'am) Ginzberg
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Zionistic thoughts:  Anticipations and Survivals - Part 2

Students of jurisprudence know (and who knows so well as the Jew?) that the laws and statutes of every nation are not all observed and obeyed at all times in the same degree; that in all countries and in all ages there are certain laws, be they new or old, which are perfectly valid according to the statue book, and are yet disregarded by those who administer justice, and are wholly or largely ineffective in practice. [Full article...]
By: Asher (Ahad Ha'am) Ginzberg
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


Zionistic text:  The Wrong Way

For many centuries the Jewish people, sunk in poverty and degradation, has been sustained by faith and hope in the divine mercy. The present generation has seen the birth of a new and far-reaching idea, which promises to bring down our faith and hope from heaven, and transform both into living and active forces, making our land the goal of hope, and our people the anchor of faith. [Full article...]
By: Asher (Ahad Ha'am) Ginzberg
Jewish History > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


The national regeneration of the Jews:  Auto-Emancipation - Part 2

Help yourselves, and God will help you! [Full article...]
By: Leon Pinsker
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age


The national regeneration of the Jews:  Auto-Emancipation - Part I

"If I am not for myself, who will be for me? And if not now, when?" - Hillel THE AUTHOR'S PREFACE After the terror of the bloody atrocities a moment of calm followed for baiter and baited to catch their breath. Meanwhile the Jewish refugees, with the very funds collected for their immigration, are being -- "repatriated"! But the Western Jews have again learned to suffer the cry, "hep! hep!" as their brothers in the old days. The eruption of blazing indignation over the shame to which they were subjected has turned to a rain of ashes, gradually covering the glowing soil. Shut your eyes and hide your head like an ostrich -- there is to be no lasting peace unless in the fleeting intervals of relaxation you apply a remedy more thoroughgoing than those palliatives to which our hapless people have been turning for 2000 years. [Full article...]
By: Leon Pinsker
People > 1860-1948: Early Zionist Age
Zionism > Essential Zionist Texts


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